Legambiente is an Italian, non-profit association created in 1980 for the safeguard and the right management of the environment and to promote sustainable lifestyle, production systems and usage of resources. Legambiente is the most widespread environmental organisation in Italy. Following the spirit of the tenet "Think globally, act locally", the activity of Legambiente is based on the work of 1,000 local groups and co-ordinated through 20 regional committees and a national headquarter with more than 60 permanent employees and collaborators. Funding are mainly based on the contribution of its 110,000 members and the donations of patrons and sponsors. Legambiente represent the UNEP National Committee for Italy, it is one of the leading member of EEB ("European Environmental Bureau") - the Federation of European environmental organisation, and of IUCN - the World Conservation Union.
In addition to the local activities, Legambiente launched several well-know and appreciated national initiatives that raised the attention of media and citizens on the issues of the environment management and of the quality of life. These include "Goletta Verde" (Green Schooner) the widest campaign of analysis and information on sea pollution ever conduced by an environmental organisation: every summer since 1986, it has monitored the quality of Italian sea; Treno Verde (Green Train) this is the railways version of "goletta verde" , that started in 1988 and that visited and monitored over 100 cities per year, collecting and publishing data on air and noise pollution; "Puliamo il mondo" (Clean up the World), the well-known day dedicate to the volunteer work for cleaning up the environment.
The scientific support for the activities and initiatives is provided by the scientific committeee of Legambiente, made of more than 200 scientist and technicians from the major Italian research institutions and universities. They are co-ordinated by a permanent secretariat and contribute on a voluntary basis acting as consultants or through thematic sub-committees. An additional scientific support is provided by the "Istituto Ambiente Italia" (Research Institute for the Italian Environment) who collects and publicises data on Italian environmental indicators.
The problem of the environmental impact of technological choices in the society and of political decisions in Italy and Europe has been of major concern for Legambiente. The association invested several resources in understanding and forecastings the possible environmental impacts, in educating and forcing for responsible choice, and in lobbying for environmentally correct political decisions. For these purposes Legambiente organised several Environment Education Centres, to promote through education of children and teachers sustainable lifestyles, the "Osservatorio Ambiete e Legalità" (Observatory for the Environment and Law ) and the Legal Action Centres that contribute to sensitise local and central administrations to environmental issues.
Legambiente have also manage several project funded by the European Commission and the Italian government in a wide range of topic: nature conservation (e.g. LIFE projects), the Environmental education (e.g. Comenius projects); Tourism sustainability; Environmental awareness, research.
All these project have had the involvement of different actors, from academia to industry.
Legambiente created "Ecosportello" an help desk for local administration on separated collection of wastes and waste management, and publish a magazine called "Rifiuti Oggi" (Wastes today), to update the local administration and the industries on the waste legislation and best practices.
In field of research Legambiente had participated to the e-living project (EU-IST-2000-25409), aimed to the evaluation of impact of ICT?s in the European households, focussing its activities on the environmental sustainability of the information society. In the project final report Legambiente presented also a forecast on the amount of electronics wastes in the next years.